Do you want to do your bit for biodiversity and the variety of species on our planet? Our checklist contains some easy things you can do throughout the year. Follow our tips to create a sustainable habitat for animals and plants.
Biodiversity, short for biological diversity, encompasses three aspects: genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity. For us as humans, biodiversity is crucial to our existence. Animals and plants perform important functions that sustain life on earth. They supply us with sources of food, they provide active ingredients used in medicines, they offer us recreational and leisure opportunities and they play a vital role in regulating the climate – we simply couldn't do without them.
Species diversity refers to the variety of living organisms on earth such as fungi, microorganisms, plants and animals. It is in existential symbiosis with the other two levels of biodiversity. Genetic diversity within an individual species makes this species more resilient and adaptable. If species are lost – caused, for example, by changing ecological conditions in their natural habitat – this changes diversity and genes.
Despite established measures, biological diversity in Switzerland has decreased dramatically since 1900. These losses pose a threat not only to the Swiss population, native plants and fauna rich in different species, but also to national economic output. The decrease is manifesting itself at all levels of biodiversity.
The Federal Office for the Environment has prepared further information on the status of biodiversity in Switzerland (German).
The following overview, divided into the four seasons, contains easy things you can do to preserve and promote species diversity in Switzerland. We've put together the key do’s and don’ts for you throughout the year.
Even with small steps, private individuals can have a positive influence on biodiversity and help protect the natural environment. These changes at the local and regional level benefit the structures that underpin globally networked biodiversity as a whole.
Sophie Kreutzberg’s personal tips you can implement at home:
With these easy-to-implement initiatives, you can create a valuable habitat for native animal and plant species on your balcony or in your garden. Companies can also make a contribution to protecting species and promoting biodiversity by bringing greater attention to the topic, by advocating for better information and education, by providing financial assistance and by acting as a role model for others.